Being the capital of Wallachia, Targoviste reminds us about the
greatest personalities and events which contributed to shaping and maintaining
the Romanian spirit. Ion Ghica said ”From Mircea the Old to Tudor Vladimirescu,
every famous name in history was written in blood on Targoviste’s teritory”.
trip to these places, which certify this impressive legacy, must start from
the Whole Royal Court. It has been dated since Mircea the Old reigned,the
Royal Court being often rebuilt or extended by voivodes. During Vlad
Tepes’s reign, the Chindia Tower was built, becoming the symbol of the city.
Petru Cercel built the second Royal House and the Great Church of the Royal
Court. Matei Basarab repaired the Royal Houses, doubled the inner wall and
built the hamam. Saint Friday Church and Lady Balasa’s House and also the
ruins of Dionisie Lupu’s house lie next to the main inner court.
In 1517, the Chair metropolitan moved in Targovistre, during Neagoe Basarab
reign. He built the old Metropolitan Church, one of the largest and the most
beautiful church in that time. During Matei Basarab’s reign, there was a Royal
Printing at Targoviste Metropolitan, where important documents, such as “The
Great Nomocanon” or “Rectification of the Law”were printed.
1889, the old church was decided to be demolished and replaced by one which
can be seen nowadays, designed by the French architect, Le comte de Nouy.
The Dealu Monastry, situated on a hill above Targoviste, was built under the
reign of Radu the Great. It dominates the city and it has been a very powerful
place of culture and a symbol of our nation.Macarie’s printing, which made the
first Slavonic printings from the Wallachian countries, was here, in
emperor Rudolf II’s delegates came to the Dealu Monastry to sign the Treaty of
Alliance with Mihai the Brave, who was the first voievode who united the
Romanian regions. His head is burried at Dealu Monastry.
can have a beautiful view of Targoviste from high above. The old central part
of the city still has houses of nobles and merchants with beautiful gardens.
Built on the ruins of a church from the XVI-th century,Stelea Monastry was
built in 1645, as a reconciliation pact between Vasile Lupu and Matei Basarab
and a reply to Soveja Monastry from Moldavia. In the first part of the XIX-th
century, there was a Greek school, where Vasile Carlova, Grigore Alexandrescu
and I.AL.Bratescu-Voinesti learnt, at Stelea Monastry.
Nearby, we can see the old commercial centre, dating from XVII-th or XIX-th
century, where you could find merchants’ shops or handcraftmen’s workshops on
the groundfloor of their houses.
The richness of documents and objects which rebuild fragments of Targoviste’s
history, can be seen at the National Museum Complex. A lot of buildings,
belonging to the National Museum Complex, are themselves historical and
architectural monuments and they shelter museums and exhibitions, which show
the local people and the tourists monuments of glory and intense creative
activity in Targoviste. So, the first group of museums is made up of the
History Museum from Targoviste, the Art Museum and the Ethnography Museum to
be, which will be placed in the House of boyar Brancoveanu’s sons.
neighbourhood, the museum of Dambovita Writers, which lies in
I.Al.Bratescu-Voinesti’s house and the Printing and Old Romanian Books
Museum, which lies in the house of the greatest scholar Constantin Cantacuzino
are also Stelea Galleries, where there are periodical art exhibitions,
conceived by N.Ghica-Budesti. Near the Catholic Church “St.Francisc”, there is
Gheorghe Petrascu’s workshop house where you can admire his valuable painting
Targoviste Town Hall, dating for over one hundred years, is another example of
architecture,designed by the Italian architect Vignosa. Being named “The
Wallachian Florence”by one of our local contemporary writers, Mircea Horia
Simionescu, Targoviste is waiting for its visitors, being convinced that it
has a lot of strong and pleasant impressions to offer and it won’t be easily
forgotten and hoping that the ones who came, want to return to rediscover it.